On the cover North Coast Journal


February 16, 2006

Heading: Meet the Recruiter U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Michele Corning says she's giving recruits big opportunities. Some call her evil. Photo of Air Force Staff Sgt. Michele Corning and Paul Divelbiss

story & photos by HELEN SANDERSON

AT THE SOUTH END OF THE EUREKA strip mall named Victoria Place is Staff Sergeant Michele Corning's office. Corning is a recruiter for the U.S. Air Force, the only recruiter covering Humboldt, Del Norte and Trinity counties for her service.

Walk into her office and immediately to your left, next to the American flag, there is a bulletin board, done up in red, white and blue, pinned with 22 Polaroid pictures, each of a smiling young person. Three of them are women/girls.

Above the portraits, in construction paper block letters, it says "US Air Force, Let's See You Cross Into the Blue," the branch's new advertising slogan, likely familiar to anyone who watches MTV. Tacked beneath the photos are a few letters sent to Corning from recruits away at basic training in Texas.

"Those are the people I've put in, and his picture will be put up soon," says Corning. She's referring to Paul Divelbiss, an 18-year-old with fuzzy sideburns and a goatee, wearing shorts and a T-shirt. He's seated opposite Corning at the edge of her desk.

Corning, 27, is a slight woman from Utah with engaging blue eyes and neatly coiffed eyebrows. She has two associates degrees and is eight classes from a BA in human resources. Eventually, she says, she wants to get a master's degree and a Ph.D in medical anthropology.

In the small world of Humboldt County military recruiting, she's the odd woman out. First of all, she's a one-person show, the only Air Force recruiter on the North Coast. The Army, Marines, Navy and Coast Guard, whose offices are lined up beside Corning's at the Armed Forces Recruiting Center, have a few recruiters per office to cover the same area.

Unlike the Marines or Army, which have been hurting for recruits throughout much of the war, the Air Force is picky about who it takes into its service. The Air Force slashed recruiting numbers in 2005, from 35,000 enlistees to 24,000. "We're hiring the ones that are qualified, and not just warm bodies," Corning says. Meanwhile, the Army, for instance, has lowered educational standards and increased the age for enlistees.

The other recruiters who work next door tell Corning she has it easy. "They call us the `Chair Force' and `civilians in uniform,' she says. "They think the Air Force has it good."

On a personal level, she's teased even more. "I'm made fun of by the other recruiters because I'm a vegetarian," she says. She is also married to an artist, objects to wearing fur, shops at the Eureka Co-op, plays the bongos and has other "liberal opinions" she wished not to share. "My supervisor and my co-workers, they just call me this hippie."

But if she gets grief from her brothers-in-arms, it's nothing compared to what she sometimes gets from the public at large. She's in the heart of Humboldt County after all, contending with an active left-of-liberal community that's fervently opposed to war in Iraq. In the year and a half she's been stationed in Eureka, she has uncomfortably watched war protests march by, some of them taking place right outside of her workplace.

At the last major peace rally on Nov. 18, part of the National Day of Protest, Corning was interviewing a potential recruit when Critical Mass bike riders and picketers began swarming toward her office door. Corning recalls when a protester, lying on the concrete, yelled at her, "You're evil!"

Three months later, and the affront still sticks in her craw.

"I'm not evil, by any means. All she [the protester] could know is that I'm an Air Force recruiter. But you don't know who I am. You don't know the type of person that I am. You don't know what I'm trying to do at my job. All my job is" She pauses. "I'm trying to give people some opportunities they just don't have."

They're gonna trick youquote of Sgt. Corning, "You don't know the type of person I am."

Paul Divelbiss, today's prospect, is from Crescent City.

"It's a small town," he explains, bopping his knee up and down as he fills out paperwork. He says he's enlisting because he's "always wanted to travel outside of the country," especially to Germany, and that he has long wanted to fly F-15s and F-16s. He's been working in a grocery store.

Corning echoes his sentiment: "There's nothing going on up there."

Divelbiss has settled upon what job to pursue in the Air Force -- security forces, or Air Force Police, one of the more dangerous jobs the Air Force offers. If he gets what he wants, chances are that Divelbiss will eventually go to Iraq. He knows that.

"I'm ready to step out of my comfort zone," he says. "Everybody has to."

But Divelbiss hits a bit of a stumbling block. When Corning measures his height and weight as part of a medical pre-screening, he is too heavy. He needs to lose a few pounds before he goes to MEPS -- the Military Entrance Processing Station -- in San Jose on Thursday, Feb. 16. MEPS is the first hurdle in joining the military, where a recruit's physical qualifications, aptitude and moral standards will be judged. It's also where a recruit will sign up for Air Force jobs, of which there are 150 to choose from. This meeting with Corning is Divelbiss' official MEPS briefing.

He'll leave on Wednesday, which happens to be his 19th birthday. To quickly shed that weight, Corning recommends he drink Smooth Move, a laxative tea. It's available at the natural food store in Crescent City, she says. His response was a drawn out: "Uh," finally punctuated with an affirming laugh.

Divelbiss, a graduate of Del Norte High School, met Corning in the fall of 2004, when he was a senior.

"It's weird, the first time we met it was 11/17/04, and then I didn't see her again until 11/17/05, exactly one year later," Divelbiss says. "We didn't plan that out, nothing." (Divelbiss' second meeting with Corning was at her office, and as it happened, occurred just one day before the protest in which she was called "evil.")

As for why it took him so long, a whole year, to get to this point, Divelbiss explains he wanted to "cool off" for a while after high school, spend time with his family and make sure he was making the right decision. He finally came around because Corning gave him time to think it over. The Marines and Navy were pushy, he says, and the "Army guy" wore street clothes rather than a uniform, something Divelbiss viewed as "unprofessional."

"She let me think it over," he says.

And Corning says that's how she plays it with all potential recruits. She won't push. It's not her style, she says, and besides she was taught in recruiting school not to pressure anyone.

"We want to make sure they want to be in the Air Force," she says. If they arrive at MEPS unprepared, or if they back out at the last minute, she'll look incompetent to other Air Force personnel. An unprepared recruit might think less of her too, risking her reputation with the recruit's friends back home.

Corning lays out Divelbiss' itinerary by memory.photo of bulletin board with recruit prospects

He'll be picked up from the airport by Sgt. Washington, who will wait outside in a white government vehicle. There will be a meeting at 8:30 that evening, and he must be in his hotel room by 10:30 p.m. At 4 a.m. he'll get a wake-up call. He should shower, dress comfortably but appropriately -- no shorts, no obscene clothing, no pierced jewelry, no G-strings, no crotchless underwear. There will be a lot of waiting around for his medical exam, she says, so bring a Gameboy or a book. There will also be a drug test.

"There are no second chances for the drug test," she says. "If you're positive you are permanently done for the Air Force. OK? You good?"

"I'm good," he says.

"There can be no new news," she says, slapping the table three times for emphasis. What she means is, if there is any unsavory information from his past that he has not divulged, like a criminal record, he needs to speak up now.

"[At MEPS] they are going to scare you, they're going to threaten you, they're gonna say `We're gonna fine you $10,000, five years in jail. I know you're lying to me.' Or they'll say, `Yeah, those parking tickets that you had, what are they about? And you'll be like, `Parking tickets?'

"They're gonna trick you, they're gonna call you a liar, they're gonna scrutinize you. That's their job; to break you. They want to make sure there is no new information. So if for some reason, you stole a pack of gum at 5 years old and I mean, nobody knows about it why do they need to? There's no point."

She asks once more. "So, no new news? They're gonna scare you."

But there's nothing to confess.

"It's fine with me," he says.


Corning says that Del Norte High welcomes her more warmly than any other campus. Every week she makes the 85-mile commute to Crescent City, and it seems to have paid off. Most of the 22 recruits she has "processed" have come from Del Norte.

"I think Michele is popular, she relates well to kids," said Sally Roy, a Del Norte High School guidance counselor. "She's had a lot of consistency up here; they know on Wednesdays in the middle of the day she'll be here."

Last year, 4 percent of graduating seniors from Del Norte High joined the military. That number is down from years prior. In 2002, 12 percent of seniors enlisted. (The numbers of students enlisting recently is fairly uniform across the region, with 3 to 4 percent of Eureka High students, 6 percent of McKinleyville High students and 4-5 percent of Fortuna High students signing up in 2005. Calls to Arcata High School were referred to Principal Bob Wallace who did not return a phone call from the Journal.)

Roy said that this year there seems to be more interest in the military. More students took the ASVAB -- the Armed Forces Vocational Aptitude Battery test -- this year than last year. She was unsure of the reason for the upswing in interest.

Some of Divelbiss' friends have already joined the Air Force too. It's likely that his peers' experiences in the military influenced his own decision. The military hopes the cycle will continue, and Divelbiss will encourage his buddies to join.

"It's called perpetuation," Corning says. It makes her job a little easier.

Some schools are harder to work with than others. Last year, the Northern Humboldt Union High School District, which oversees Arcata High and McKinleyville High, debated a resolution designed to keep military recruiters on a tight leash. The draft resolution, which was crafted by progressive board member Kathy Marshall, included a provision to allow counter-recruiters, like Vets for Peace, on campus whenever the military was there. In the end, it was scaled back to lessen the constraints on recruiters.

Shane Brinton, who won a seat on the NoHum school board in a divisive November showdown, would have liked to see the original resolution stand. At 18, Brinton was the youngest candidate, the most articulate and definitely the most liberal. The College of the Redwoods student's platform was largely focused on limiting the campus liberties military recruiters have enjoyed. His other mission was to heighten awareness to the "opt-out" option, wherein students can keep their private contact information out of recruiters' hands.

"One of my main points of opposition to recruiters is that the schools need to be a place for learning how to be citizens, and also pursuing academics," he said in a phone interview Friday. "If [students] want to join the military they can do that outside of school.

"I would say that for the most part," he continued, "recruiters haven't been rude or mean the way that you've heard in other places. I just think it is a nuisance to have them there."

A specific intrusion Brinton remembers from his not-so-long-ago days as an Arcata High ninth grader was when an Army recruiter came to the school with a rock-climbing wall and a Hummer blaring "this really terrible music; corporate hip-hop."

No doubt some kids with less refined tastes than Brinton's like what the recruiters have to offer, even if it just means getting out of class for an hour. But when a recruiter offered him a T-shirt years ago, Brinton said no thanks.

"I thought it was offensive, but the people were friendly," he said. "But I think having a rock wall there and giving [students] sports drinks and T-shirts, it felt like Disneyland. That's my main thing with recruiters, is that they're not telling the truth. Even if they don't believe that they're intentionally lying they're trained to lie about the nature of war."photo of recruiting priority list. Recruiting visits and phone calls are prioritized by the number of students that show interest in the military.

Corning does have "goodies" to attract students and spark conversation -- lanyards, soccer balls and pens. In April, she's hoping to book a miniature F-22 to come to Redwood Acres, and toward the end of the school year to bring some flight simulator games to Eureka High.

But she says she has nothing to hide, and that she is honest, perhaps to a fault: "Maybe I'm not doing some of my job -- to be a salesperson and trick them, like a dirty salesperson who sells cars," she says. "Maybe I'm too honest and that hurts me a little bit, but I'd rather be honest than get a bad rap."

In terms of the war, specifically, she says "Just because I'm an Air Force recruiter doesn't mean I'm putting people into war."

However, she says she always tells recruits, "If you don't want to be part of this war then I don't think you're ready for a military environment. But if you are aware that some of the jobs might take you ... not necessarily to war, but to those locations, are you OK with that? If they say no, then sorry -- that job will take you there."

Jobs like security forces and pararescue operations will likely head to war. But jobs, say, in the medical field, are far less likely to go to Iraq, according to Corning. Only one of her recruits has served a tour of duty there. (Corning points out that next to the Coast Guard, the Air Force has the fewest number of troops in Iraq and the fewest casualties. She likes to say that 80 percent of the Air Force's mission is humanitarian.)

Free lunch

When she's "zone prospecting" -- walking around downtown or at the mall in her uniform, courting the chance that someone might stop her to talk about the Air Force -- Corning gets some weird looks.

Once, when grocery shopping at the Co-op in Eureka, two people approached Corning and told her to quit her job. Other than being called "evil" Corning says that's the only "really negative" encounter she has had.

Another food-related incident was more positive. While eating lunch at Denny's in Crescent City, the waiter took her check away before Corning could pay. An old couple at the other end of the diner paid the bill.

"I went up to them and said, `Thank you for paying for my lunch,'" she recalled. "They said, `No, thank you for your service, we appreciate what you're doing.' It feels good."

Corning seems to view her work similarly -- to help someone get a free lunch, so to speak: A free education, free rent and travel in exchange for a four-year commitment to the military.

"A lot of them just want to get out of Humboldt County," she says of her enlistees. "They want to travel. A lot of it is patriotic, they just want to serve their country. But I would say the main thing is education."

The second biggest concern, she says, is money.

"I meet a lot of people that are just not directed, and I'm hoping to direct them," she said. "I didn't have money for school. I didn't really have anywhere to go. I was in Utah, going from job to job, and nothing was appealing to me. And my friend was in the Air Force and he loved it. I think it was the first good decision I've ever made. I've been to Turkey and Saudi and Egypt. The thing I loved -- granted, I love my job -- but I got to go off base and see these cultures and the way these people live."

Keep moving

Recruiting at Humboldt State University is not typically fruitful, but Corning is still required to walk around the campus in her uniform once a month. "They just don't seem interested," she says.

She has tried to establish a presence there in her own way. She's an avid runner, and she often jogs through the forest trails behind the university. At one trailhead there is a bulletin board, and she always leaves one of her business cards there. Most of the time it's gone by the time she returns, which makes her happy. But sometimes it's been taken down, shredded and left on the ground.

"OK, even though this person might not believe in the military, there might be someone else who wants a chance," she says. "So it's a little unfair." But she still tacks a new one up every time she passes by. "You still gotta do it. I guess my point is that you can constantly rip up my stuff but you're not gonna stop me. I still have to do my job, and it's a hard job."

Some of the recruits she's sent off to basic training want to come back and work with her as a "recruiter's assistant." The one airman who completed a tour of duty in Iraq came back to Eureka as an assistant. And in one letter hanging on the bulletin board in her office, another airman requested to come to "do the recruiter's assistant thing" as well.

It could be a testament to Corning's character that people would like to work beside her, and in effect share the burden of a tough job. The more likely reason is that they just want to come back home; the recruiting office is the only Air Force station in Humboldt County. The nearest Air Force bases are in the Sacramento area.

As for Paul Divelbiss, he's likely being scrutinized at MEPS as this story hits the stands. If he passes his tests, he'll go to basic training, then to a specific training school for whichever job he picks, or is assigned to. From there, he's got at least four years to serve. With experts estimating the end to Operation Iraqi Freedom to be at least five years away, he could very likely find himself stationed in a war zone.

Corning says that she's enjoyed her time in Humboldt County for the most part, but she's hoping to be reassigned to a recruiting office in upstate New York, to live near her identical twin sister, a kindergarten teacher, who just had her first baby, a girl.

"I'm ready to move on," she said.

When she finally leaves, the beaming 18-, 19-, 20-year-old faces captured in those Polaroids will be taken down, and the next recruiter will begin the hard task of tacking new ones back up.



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