This is a very helpful article. The National Wildlife Federation (NWF) has a backyard certification program with tons of resources and incentives on their website to help wildlife by landscaping sustainably--just as Donna suggests in her very cool article. We are hoping that as many backyards, porches, balconies, school yards, the HSU campus, and our places of worship register their spaces as NWF Certified Wildlife Habitat by providing the 4 habitat requirements food, water, cover, and places to raise young and commit to gardening sustainably, so that Arcata can qualify as the fifth NWF Community Wildlife Habitat in California. Three of the four habitat requirements can be provided just by planting native plants! If you're interested in certifying, please visit NWF's website and click the links that lead you to their section "gardening for wildlife." Or if you're on Facebook visit, "Arcata Community Wildlife Habitat." Thanks, Donna, for providing inspiration and expertise to help us help wildlife from our homes.
What a lovely story, Peri! Thank you for sharing this with us. I remember constantly wishing that I had more things to talk to my dad about that would help me feel closer to him when he was at the end of his life, struggling through his cancer treatments.
Such a loving tribute to your father. You were able to give him a connection and sense of purpose at the end of his life, and he gave you his passion. Thanks for sharing, and do, keep running!
Too much running (when do you know enough is enough) leads to old people slowly walking on hobbled knees and other irreversible infirmaries which are the result of repeated skeletal pounding in their youth. Similarly football players (if they don't have concussive brain syndrome) in their later years find life miserable with knee, shoulder, and other skeletal injuries. Get the same benefits through participating in golf, walking, swimming and other sports that improve your later years - not destroy your enjoyment of them. Your ability to enjoy life as an adult / senior is connected to the choices you make along the path - what you participate in, what you dissipate with, what you eat, etc. It takes awareness early in life - something most folks don't develop until it is too late.
The gopher sonic stakes along with a few gopher gas bombs did away with what seemed to be a family of gophers with a pretty extensive system that originated on the golf course that my back yard borders. Within 2 days at maximum I have been gopher free for about 9 months now and just today I helped my neighbor put some in the ground surrounding his property. Results will be posted. Wish us luck
I think tree houses are great and what not but as Crystal's neighbour I'm not to happy with her.My husband caught her putting her trash in our cans that we pay to have emptied and they won't get picked up if they are over stuffed and tonight she was shooting off illegal fireworks and another neighbor called the police on me thinking that I was shooting off guns because they couldn't figure out where the noise was coming from.Thanks Crystal for being inconsiderate of your fellow neighbours.
my business was looking for Canada Form P recently and was informed of a great service with an online forms database . If others are wanting Canada Form P as well , here's a http://pdf.ac/9PEXuQ
Brothers and sisters, Samuel Diego is my name, I live in Spain. I want to quickly tell everyone here on how I was cured of Spanish flu by herbal doctor Uwadia Amenifo with his herbal medicine. A year ago I suffered from high fever, and I was treated by my doctor. But I noticed that after some time my fever came back and my immune system was degenerating. So I went back to the hospital and my doctor confirmed it that I have Spanish flu he said to me that I am going to die because it cannot be cured totally. So I began to pray to God to please save my life from this Spanish flu. I was placed under watch and my sister was running up and down looking for cure. So she meant with a man who told him that he knew of a herbal doctor who is very good in preparing herbal medicine, and also he have cured him before of AIDS. So my sister quickly took the contact details of the herbal doctor and contacted him. Then the herbal doctor told my sister that he can cure Spanish flu, Black Death, Typhus, Cholera, Smallpox and AIDS. So my sister immediately made the necessary arrangement with him, and there after he prepared the herbs and sent it to me here in Spain I took it just as he instructed my sister to give it to me and behold it worked like magic. His herbs cured me, and today I am totally cured. So I am here to tell all suffering from the following disease and virus such as: Spanish flu, Black Death, Typhus, Cholera, Smallpox and AIDS that a messiah has come to save us all. These are Doctor Uwadias area of specialization. Please if you have any of the following quickly contact Doctor Uwadia Amenifo now and get your cure. His contact details are as follow email: firstname.lastname@example.org and his phone number is +2349052015874. Contact him now and get your cure
An additional advantage to having low maintenance plants is that, if they are also native plants, they will give shelter to the wildlife you want in your garden -- birds, butterflies, pollinators. Donna designed our front garden and it is not only beautiful, but hospitable. Where our neighbors' pristine lawns stretch without expression around their homes, our variegated landscape is alive with birds rustling in the shrubbery, hummers zipping around like busy punctuation, and the air is often buzzing with bees. Many of the plants flower. so we have a festival of sensation: sight, sound, smell.
Recent interview with Noam Chomsky included this:
How do you account for your amazing stamina and energy level at age 87?
The bicycle theory. As long as you keep riding, you dont fall.
Hi Rosanna, best person to ask would be Louisa Morris of the Mendocino Land Trust. I'm guessing 50-100 of these trees.
How many candelabra trees are there? Are they all approximately the same age?
Drinking is not a mando...There have been some pretty good 100 % pay outs... plus different surprises..
visible, or invisible, recognized or unrecognized, interesting or not, one thing was true. They could not imagine the imminent and clear danger they were in until it was too late. This is the lesson for us today. It is the same apathy, carelessness or ignorance about the destructive forces in our lives. for ex proxy wars that can turn into a nuclear war any day now, or irreversible damaging and depletion of natural resources like tropical forests, oceans,water streams or atmosphere. This is happening everyday we see or hear about it but, we go on with our business in the same manner everyday because we only care about our senses and convenience but not enough about our children's future or how we are going die one day.
Dan Everett deals with the merge/recursion confusion--also whether a single counter-example of a language lacking recursion voids a language gene--in this very readable discussion:
BTW, he's had to put up with a lot worse than "infantile and misdirected" over the years!
Another beautiful example of thought, precise writing, and humor from Humbugs!. Keep Tony Westkamper writing!
One in every three secondary school leavers failed in English, year after year, decade after decade. This seriously affected their career prospect in an age of global economy. I gave up a HK$2.5m directorate job in the Government, took early retirement and set up Le Beaumont Language Centre (2004-14) as a teaching and research base. We were the first ones to merge language study with neuroscience. I was particularly impressed by Charles Nelson's findings on the neurogenesis of the neurons in the Broca's area which peaked out at the end of the 9th month after birth. We admitted infants one month after birth into our multilingual playgroup. They embarked on a 5-nation tour, an hour a day, Monday to Friday, conducted by graduate teachers from England, France, Spain, Germany, Japan and or China. The babies all grew up into linguistic geniuses by the age of 3. They were super intelligent. We also observed how 12,000 kids of different ages acquired different number of languages for different durations with different outcomes, burning HK$112m in 10 years.
The Beaumont Study (2004-14) is probably the most important study after the classic Abecedarian Study (1972-77) in the past century. For 10 years, we observed at close distance how a large number of infants acquired languages.
The following are our key findings.
1. The brain is made up of billions of neurons and trillions of synapses. A memory is formed when 2 neurons connect in a synapse. The brain is a huge memory base.
2. Language is made up of 2 components, a sound database developed from interaction with people during the first 9 months after birth, and a matching software inherited from the genes. The sound database and the matching software form the voice recognition system.
3. The voice recognition system is at the 'developmental' mode during the first 9 months. It can recognize the sounds of whatever language the infant interacts with and input them into his voice database. The baby is only interested in sounds, not in meaning. Grammar does not come into the picture.
4. The voice recognition system is at the 'application' mode from the 10th month onwards when the baby begins to imitate sounds. He 'recognizes' the sound he hears by matching the incoming soundbites with those in the voice database.
5. You 'hear' what the matching software can find in the voice database. If the incoming sound cannot be found in the voice database, its looks for the nearest sound in the voice database. This is what you 'hear' and what you imitate. This minor distortion of sounds gives rise to ascents.
6. All languages are built on sounds made from mouth. Sounds made with mouth opened are called vowels. The mouth can only make limited number of shapes, flat or round, wide opened, half-opened, or relaxed. It gives rise to the 5 cardinal vowels, which were first recorded in Latin, now shared by languages from English to Japanese. You can find the 5 cardinal vowels in practically all languages in the world.
7. A language is the outcome of a natural developmental process, based on the manipulation of our data from our memory, or learning process. Language starts from the memory of sounds to form phonemes in the first year, the association of sounds with objects and actions to form vocabulary in the 2nd year, and the application of the memory of patterns of usage to form grammar in the 3rd year. We have observed our polyglots compressing the time scale in the 3 processes involved. But the sequence is the same.
8. Even IQ is the application of the database of dynamic memories acquired during interaction with people, in games, in life experience and in problem solving.
The Beaumont Study discovered the following,
1. A biological basis for language development, i.e. the language neurons, which are designed to record voice. The timeline of the developmental path was first identified by Charles Nelson. Joan Stiles pointed out that language neurons used during the first 9 months were fed and kept and those not used were deprived of nutrition and perished with time.
2. The brain is but a huge storage space of gargantuan proportion. The contents are input from the child's interaction with the outside world.
5. Like the computer, there are 2 types of memories,
a) Memories in the Central Processing Unit forming the Operating System. The developmental process of this type of memory is time sensitive. It is related to the exponential growth of functional neurons in the early years, viz. the first 3 months for vision; the first 9 months for language; and the first 3 years for cognition.
b) Memories in the hard disc, which is not time sensitive.
6. Language acquisition is a deceptively simple process in memory. The only thing we inherited from our genes is a simple matching mechanism for the operating systems, for vision, language or cognition. It is void of any contents. Chomsky's grammar genes is an adult's postulation of a much simpler process in the language development of a baby.
Sam TS Chow
Founder, Le Beaumont Language Centre (2004-14)
Love to hear from you! email@example.com
No, merge works recursively. Merge is just a computational operation whereby two syntactic units are combined together to form another syntactic object (for example, "the cat was killed" and "when it was hit by a car" produce, when operated upon by merge, the sentence "the cat was killed when it was hit by a car"). Merge is recursive because it is an operation that can be applied to its own output (in the last example, the inputs were "the cat was killed" and "when it was hit by a car", the computational operation was merge and the output was "the cat was killed when it was hit by a car"; via the application of the same merge operation, this output can then be combined with yet another syntactic unit, like "that was traveling at sixty kilometers an hour" for example, to form another linguistic unit: "the cat was killed when it was hit by a car that was traveling at sixty kilometers an hour"). So merge works just like any recursive function does in the theory of computation, which is why merge has the property of recursion. There's no "downgrade" from recursion to merge, you just didn't understand the theory.
Moreover, Everett's argument is fallacious in the most vulgar sort of way. Chomsky's claim is roughly the following: (1) if humans acquire recursive languages, then humans must have a genetic capacity that allows them to mentally process recursive languages. Anyone who knows their logic is aware of the fact that this conditional does not imply the following proposition: (2) if humans have a genetic capacity that allows them to mentally process recursive languages, then humans must acquire recursive languages. That is, in general, "if A then B" does not imply "if B then A". In finding an example of a human language that does not feature recursion, all Everett has done is to disprove proposition (2), but this proposition is not implied by Chomsky's actual claim, and so Everett's (very much disputed, if not refuted) discovery is irrelevant as far as the viability of Chomsky's program is concerned.
As for a younger generation of linguists abandoning ideas of innate grammar, well that might be partially true. At the same time, there are academics trying to argue that there are no such things as genetic programs, and that all talk of information being encoded in DNA is meaningless. In both cases, this doesn't represent the majority view, which is fortunate because in both cases it simply demonstrates a shocking lack of understanding of theory of computation. As far as I can tell, dissent from this basic view of Chomsky's amounts to an infantile and misdirected fear of genetic determinism (of course, many people, like Pinker for example, dissent from Chomsky in the finer details, and that's where the media coverage should be concentrated; at the moment, what the media is doing is analogous to claiming that the general theory of relativity has been disproved instead of focusing coverage on the more subtle disputes--the ones of actual importance to physicists--that exist between scientists who accept general relativity).
Hi, just wanted to question the assumption of these peoples "living on the edge of survival". I believe quite the opposite was true.
It's fun to consider the possibility this reaction (if accurately reported) is similar to what you may expect from people who've seen similar ships before.
Enjoyed article, thank you.
Nice historical story. I think the problem with modern vaccination schedules is the sheer amount of different strains the body is forced to deal with. The multiple of vaccines that are stacked and given at a rate that may very well be overloading a young, developing immune system. This, in addition to, the adjuvants, which often contain mercury are quite possibly too much at one time for anyone who might be dealing with other environmental issues. I'm of the belief that vaccines do have a place, but the schedule of multiple vaccines may not be the best thing for a young child. Personally, my youngest was hospitalized after a round of vaccinations, so it's a bit scary when something meant to help can also harm, And can have long lasting consequences for both children and parents. The debate is fierce, and we can look to the fluoridation of our water supplies when nothing positive has been proven by ingesting it. If you are a proponent of flouride, then why not just go for tablets or drops that each family can decide, depending on their individual needs. The FDA hasn't signed off on water treatment, so why are we so adamant about medicating an entire water supply when studies have shown that the amount of water actually ingested is less than 10%. So we are fluoridating our lawns, gardens, at a very real cost to the communities, the least bringin up questions of how to effectively manage real health issues and solutions.
In Print This Week:
Jan 12, 2017
vol XXVIII issue 2
The North Coast Journal Weekly
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