Monday, December 19, 2016

UPDATED: Five Arrests in Manila Homicide

Posted By on Mon, Dec 19, 2016 at 2:34 PM

Claros - FACEBOOK
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  • Claros
4th UPDATE:

The last two suspects in the shooting death of Tyson Claros, 20, turned themselves in to the Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office on Sunday evening.

According to a news release from the sheriff’s office, Hector Godoy-Standley and Catherine Fode are each being held on $1 million bail. Three other suspects were previously arrested in the case.

Claros was shot in Manila on Dec. 12 along Highway 255 between the south end of Peninsula Drive and Pacific Avenue. The investigation is ongoing, according to the sheriff's office.

Read the full Humboldt County Sheriff's Office release below:
On Sunday, December 18, 2016 at approximately 9:40 p.m. Hector Godoy-Standley and Catherine Fode, who are both wanted for last week’s murder of Tyson Claros, turned themselves in to the Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office. Both Godoy-Standley and Fode were arrested without incident, and were booked into the Humboldt County Correctional Facility for the charge of PC 187/homicide. Their bail was set at $1,000,000 each.
The investigation of Tyson Claros’ murder is still currently ongoing. If anyone has information in regards to this homicide investigation, please contact Investigator Fulton at (707) 268-3646 or the non-emergency phone number for the Sheriff’s Office at (707) 445-7251.

3rd UPDATE:

The Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office is asking for the public’s help in locating Hector Godoy-Standley, 21, and Catherine Suzanne Lynn Fode, 18, who are currently wanted in connection with the homicide in Manila earlier this week.
Arrest warrants have been issued for Godoy-Standley  and Fode, a Friday release from the sheriff’s office states.

Brandon James Mitchell, 22, a fifth suspect in the shooting death of Tyson Claros, 20, turned himself into law enforcement on Thursday after finding out he was wanted, according to the sheriff’s office.

Two other suspects, Cesar Octavio Valenzuela-Campos and Tamara Nicole Thomson, were arrested Dec. 12.

Read the full Humboldt County Sheriff's Office release below:
Fode - HUMBOLDT COUNTY SHERIFF'S OFFICE
  • Humboldt County Sheriff's Office
  • Fode
Godoy-Standley - HUMBOLDT COUNTY SHERIFF'S OFFICE
  • Humboldt County Sheriff's Office
  • Godoy-Standley



On December 12th, 20 year old Tyson Claros was murdered in
the Manila area. Through the course of the investigation, Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office Investigators determined there were five suspects involved in the murder of Tyson Claros. Three of the five suspects have been arrested. Two suspects, Cesar OctavioValenzuela-Campos and Tamara Nicole Thomson, were arrested the day of the homicide. The third suspect, 22 year old Brandon James Mitchell turned himself in to Investigators on Thursday, December 15th after learning he was wanted by law enforcement.
21 year old Hector Godoy-Standley and 18 year old Catherine Suzanne Lynn Fode are currently still wanted for the murder of Claros and warrants have been issued for their arrest. The Sheriff’s Office is asking for the public’s assistance in locating Godoy-Standley and Fode.
The investigation is currently ongoing. If anyone has information in regards to this homicide investigation, please contact Investigator Fulton at (707) 268-3646 or the non-emergency phone number for the Sheriff’s Office at (707) 445-7251.
Mitchell - HUMBOLDT COUNTY SHERIFF'S OFFICE
  • Humboldt County Sheriff's Office
  • Mitchell




2nd UPDATE:
The Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office has arrested two suspects, 23-year old Cesar Octavio Valenzuela-C ampos and 18-year old Tamara Nicole Thomsen, in relation to the homicide of Tyson Claros. Both are being held at the Humboldt County Correctional Facility, with bail set at $1 million each.





From the Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office:


On Monday, December 12, 2016 at approximately 9:30 p.m. Humboldt County Sheriff’s Deputies detained 23 year old Cesar Octavio Valenzuela-Campos at the Shell Station on Myrtle Ave at McFarlan St. in Eureka. Valenzuela-Campos was interviewed by Investigators and subsequently arrested for yesterday’s murder of 20 year old Tyson Claros. Valenzuela-Campos was booked at the Humboldt County Correctional Facility (HCCF) for murder and his bail was set at $1,000,000.

A short while later 18 year old Tamara Nicole Thomson was arrested at a residence in Eureka. The Humboldt County SWAT team assisted in the apprehension of Thomson. Thomson was booked at the HCCF for murder and an outstanding juvenile warrant. Her bail was set at $1,000,000.
Thomsen - HCSO
  • HCSO
  • Thomsen

UPDATE: The HCSO has identified the victim as Tyson Claros. He was found on Hwy 255 between the south end of Peninsula Dr and Pacific Ave in Manila.

Previously:

The Humboldt County Sheriff's Office is seeking information about a 20-year old man who died this morning after being found suffering from multiple gunshot wounds.

The HCSO was originally called to the Manila area for reports of a possible armed robbery. The name of the victim, who was pronounced deceased at the hospital, has not yet been released.

The sheriff's office declined to release additional information — including the exact location where deputies found the victim and the circumstances surrounding the armed robbery report — at this time.

This is the 21st confirmed homicide in Humboldt County so far this year.

From the Humboldt County
Valenzuela-Campos - HCSO
  • HCSO
  • Valenzuela-Campos
Sheriff's Office:

On Monday, December 12, 2016 at approximately 2:15 a.m. Humboldt County Deputy Sheriffs responded to the Manila area for a report of a possible armed robbery. Deputies located a 20 year old male victim in the roadway of Hwy 255, suffering from multiple gunshot wounds. The victim was transported to a local hospital by medical personnel where he was pronounced deceased.

Humboldt County Sheriff’s Deputies and Detectives are currently investigating the incident as a homicide. The investigation is currently ongoing.

Anyone with information for the Sheriff’s Office regarding this case or related criminal activity is encouraged to call Investigator Fulton at 707-268-3646 or the Sheriff’s Office Crime Tip line at 707-268-2539.

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McGuire Looks to Make 'Transparency Great Again'

Posted By on Mon, Dec 19, 2016 at 10:40 AM

Mike McGuire
  • Mike McGuire
As members of the Electoral College set about casting their votes today, two state senators — including the North Coast’s Mike McGuire — announced they would introduce legislation requiring presidential candidates to release their tax returns to appear on the California ballot.

The legislation, slated to be introduced in January, is the second to be proposed by a local representative in response to a Donald Trump presidency. While Trump was not mentioned by name, Congress Jared Huffman introduced the “One President at a Time Act” on Dec. 13 to “ensure that U.S. foreign policy is conducted only by the sitting president," according to a release from his office.

Saying transparency is a non-partisan issue and voters deserve full disclosure, McGuire said the tax return legislation is necessary to reveal a presidential candidate’s potential conflicts, noting “the world is a dangerous place.”

“This legislation will help make transparency great again,” McGuire said in a release.

Read the full release from senators Mike McGuire and Scott Wiener below:

Today California State Senators Scott Wiener and Mike McGuire announced that they will be co-authoring legislation to require that any future presidential or vice-presidential candidate must make their tax returns public to appear on the California ballot. The two Senators are offering the legislation in response to President-Elect Donald Trump’s refusal to release his tax returns to the American public, despite the fact that presidential candidates have been doing so voluntarily for decades. The bill will be modeled on similar legislation that has been proposed in New York by State Senator Brad Hoylman.
“Transparency is a non-partisan issue. Voters not only deserve full disclosure of their future leader’s tax returns, they should be entitled to them,” Senator McGuire said. “The world is a dangerous place and all potential conflicts of interest a future president may have, let alone dangerous ties a candidate may have with a foreign government, must be disclosed. This legislation will help make transparency great again.”

“The American people deserve honesty and transparency from their President. Unfortunately, we are getting lies and obfuscation from President-Elect Trump, especially in regards to how his business interests may impact his administration,” said Senator Wiener. “While the impetus for this legislation is the refusal of Donald Trump to partake in what has become standard practice among presidential candidates, this is also a larger, non-partisan issue. The American public deserves to know that the individual they are selecting to be president will have their best interests at the heart of every decision, not the best interests of any business venture or investment fund. Requiring that this basic financial information be made available to voters will help build critical public trust.”

Prior to Donald Trump’s refusal to release any tax returns, every president since Jimmy Carter has released at least one year of tax returns. During the 2016 Presidential election, Hillary Clinton (Democratic) and Jill Stein (Green) both released their tax returns. McGuire and Wiener plan to require that presidential and vice-presidential candidates release five years of tax returns in order to appear on the California ballot for future elections.

In New York, State Senator Brad Hoylman has introduced Senate Bill S8217, which has called the TRUMP Act – the Tax Returns Uniformly Made Public Act. New York’s S8217 requires that any presidential candidate must file five years of tax income returns no less than 50 days prior the general election in which they wish to run. If they do not file, they will not appear on the ballot.

American voters also agree that Presidential candidates should release their tax returns. In an August Quinnipiac University poll, 74% of all likely American voters responded and said they wanted then Candidate-Trump to release his tax returns. In that same poll, 62% of Republicans said they wanted Mr. Trump to release his tax returns.

Senators Wiener and McGuir
e will formally introduce the legislation in January.

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Sunday, December 18, 2016

HumBug: Rainy Day Critters

Posted By on Sun, Dec 18, 2016 at 3:05 PM

A flower fly on rosemary. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • A flower fly on rosemary.
As the song says, “It's raining again/ Oh no, it's raining again.” So what does an entomological photographer do when it's been raining for days and days? He gets wet. Today, taking stuff out to the compost, I noted the rosemary is blooming. At first I couldn't see anything moving, then bit by little bit I first heard and then saw a number of honeybees industriously working their way through the blossoms.
A tiny gnat with fuzzy antennae. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • A tiny gnat with fuzzy antennae.
Some really tiny gnats appeared next and once my eyes adjusted to seeing the tiny creatures a number of small hover and flower flies showed up. Of course, they were there all the time, moving about, but it takes time to get my mind to not filter them out and allow me to notice them. It's almost like a magic trick. First they aren't there, then they are.
Honeybee with corbicula on its hind legs half full of pollen. Note pollen grains on bee's head as well. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • Honeybee with corbicula on its hind legs half full of pollen. Note pollen grains on bee's head as well.

I busied myself following first this one then another, but eventually got distracted by a hum of a different pitch than that of the honeybees. Eventually I was able to track it down. It was a drone fly, which is a very good bee mimic. You can tell them apart by the flattened shape of the abdomen and how the fly's eyes meet in the middle, whereas the honeybee's are separated. Also the bee has corbicula, or pollen baskets on its hind legs. When I was a kid, I'd catch droneflies and surprise my less entomologically inclined friends by holding them in my hands and not getting stung. Of course, I never ever dared those kids to try anything like that.
A drone fly, not a honeybee. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • A drone fly, not a honeybee.



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Saturday, December 17, 2016

UPDATED: One Time at Band Camp

Posted By on Sat, Dec 17, 2016 at 2:05 PM

None of this for a while. - FILE
  • FILE
  • None of this for a while.

UPDATE:
The Humboldt State Lumberjack's only learned the allegations that led to the band's suspension through a university press release, according to a statement issued Friday.

The Lumberjacks claim university "representatives" have failed to respond to requests from band leadership for details regarding the allegations facing the band, which include boozing it up, graffiti and "inappropriate printed materials and photographs" in the on-campus band room.

"The band is growing increasingly frustrated with the university's lack of official communication," the Lumberjacks say in the statement. See the full release copied below.

PREVIOUSLY:
Cue a sad trombone sound. The rollicking, helmeted Marching Lumberjacks have been benched. Humboldt State University sent out notice that it's investigating policy violations regarding booze, graffiti and "inappropriate printed materials and photographs" at the band's on-campus digs. For now, the band kids are on suspension. HSU reps had no further comment beyond the statement below.

From Humboldt State University:

Humboldt State University has placed the Marching Lumberjacks Band on suspension while it investigates possible violations of University policies. The investigation may extend well into the spring semester.

During the suspension, the band will not be allowed to represent the University locally or outside the region, and it will not have access to campus services that are available for recognized student organizations.

The suspension follows the discovery in the band’s on-campus space of inappropriate printed materials and photographs, graffiti, open containers of alcohol, and numerous safety and building code violations. The space has been locked and secured, and the University has begun the process of returning personal belongings to club members.

In the California State University system, if student organizations or individual students are found responsible for policy violations, they face disciplinary action ranging from a warning to expulsion. In order to protect the rights and privacy of both students and employees, the University will only be able to provide general information on the investigation.
From the band:

The Marching Lumberjacks are aware of the press release from Humboldt State University
on December 14, 2016, regarding our organization’s suspension.
To date, University representatives have not responded to requests from the band’s student
leadership for details regarding the specifics of the alleged violations.
The band is growing increasingly frustrated with the University’s lack of official
communication.

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Thursday, December 15, 2016

Teen Pedestrian Killed in Alleged DUI Crash

Posted By on Thu, Dec 15, 2016 at 9:39 AM

chp-patch.gif
A teenage pedestrian was killed last night in McKinleyville when an allegedly drunk driver hit her shortly after 8 p.m.

According to the California Highway Patrol, the girl was was northbound on the east shoulder of Central Avenue, north of Anna Sparks Way, when James Arthur Merrick, of McKinleyville, allowed his 2000 Dodge Ram 1500 to drift off the roadway and onto the shoulder after turning onto Central Avenue. Merrick's vehicle struck her and continued eastbound on the shoulder until it ran into a light pole, after which Merrick allegedly attempted to flee the scene before being detained by several witnesses.

The pedestrian was transported to Mad River Hospital, where she was pronounced dead.

Merrick was arrested at the scene and alcohol is believed to have been a factor in the collision, according to CHP.

See the full CHP press release copied below:


Fatality Collision on Central Avenue

McKinleyville, California- On the evening of Wednesday, December 14th, one female teenage pedestrian sustained fatal injuries after being struck by a passing vehicle.

At approximately 8:07 p.m., James Arthur Merrick , of McKinleyville, was turning his 2000 Dodge Ram 1500 from eastbound Anna Sparks Way onto northbound Central Avenue. The juvenile pedestrian was walking northbound on the east shoulder of Central Avenue, north of Anna Sparks Way. For reasons still under investigation Mr. Merrick allowed his vehicle to drive off the roadway and onto the east shoulder of Central Avenue striking the juvenile pedestrian. The vehicle continued eastbound on the shoulder until it collided into a light pole. Merrick attempted to flee the scene of the collision but was detained by several witnesses until Law Enforcement arrived on scene. The juvenile pedestrian was transported to Mad River Community Hospital where she later succumbed to her injuries.

Merrick was placed under arrest and alcohol is believed to be a contributing factor in this traffic collision. The California Highway Patrol-Humboldt Area responded to the scene and is conducting the investigation.


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Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Dirty, Trashy Arcata

Posted By on Tue, Dec 13, 2016 at 1:51 PM

Arcata Compost Revolution's sweet ride, preparing for a pick up. - SUBMITTED
  • Submitted
  • Arcata Compost Revolution's sweet ride, preparing for a pick up.


This past week saw two major milestones for Arcata consumers. First, as of midnight on Friday, the independent Arcata Garbage Company officially passed into the hands of Recology Humboldt, which provides trash services for several other Humboldt cities. The parent company, Recology, has become a West Coast behemoth, with resource recovery companies in California, Oregon and Washington.

But Humboldt Recology Manager Linda Wise says virtually nothing will change for Arcata residents.

"People should be seeing the same service, same employees," says Wise, adding that Recology is an employee-owned company, and all Arcata Garbage employees will stay on. "Eventually, we’ll get a new website, logos on trucks and buildings. There will be no changes in any costs."

The change came about as longtime owner of Arcata Garbage Co., Rick Fusi, decided to retire. Fusi was interviewed for a 2012 Journal story about Humboldt's surprisingly dramatic recycling scene. That story can be found here.

But as trash goes corporate, there's a new indie business dealing in dirt. The newly-minted Arcata Compost Revolution, begun by avid Zero-Waster and Humboldt State University student Alec Howard, launched this week with three restaurant clients. The small business is community scale and uses an electric bike and cart to collect food scraps and compost, which it is pedaling  to local farms.

"We have plans to get more businesses on board this month," says Howard, who is moonlighting between classes and a job with the city of Arcata. Ultimately he hopes to employ students. "In 2017, we’re planning to expand to residential compost as well. A lot of people try to manage compost piles and don’t do that effectively. Some people run into the common issues associated with having compost piles; they have rats, don’t have the right materials, or amount of materials. Or they simply don’t have the time."

Howard argues that large-scale compost collection, which is offered in many major cities, can be problematic because of the carbon footprint of vehicles used to haul the material. In a recent analysis of Humboldt County's waste stream, Cascadia Consulting found that food waste is the heaviest material leaving Arcata. A pedal-powered, hyper-local compost service that caters to local farms could disrupt that trend. Recently, Howard and his business partner, Milly Correa, hauled old Halloween pumpkins to a local farm and fed them to the pigs.

"They were very happy," says Correa.

Piggies at Tule Fog Farm chowing down on Jack O'Lanterns. - FACEBOOK
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  • Piggies at Tule Fog Farm chowing down on Jack O'Lanterns.

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Huffman Introduces 'One President at a Time Act'

Posted By on Tue, Dec 13, 2016 at 8:25 AM

Huffman
  • Huffman
With a little over one month left until President-elect Donald Trump’s inauguration, North Coast Congressman Jared Huffman has introduced the “One President at a Time Act.”

The legislation would amend the 1799 Logan Act, a federal statute that prohibits private citizens from engaging in foreign relations, to “ensure that U.S. foreign policy is conducted only by the sitting president," according to a release from Huffman’s office.

In a statement, Huffman said it is “dangerous and harms America’s standing in the world” if president-elects insert themselves into policy before taking office, noting presidents Barack Obama, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush all “steered clear of commenting on foreign policy decisions” during the transition period.

While Huffman doesn't mention Trump by name in his release, the Republican businessman has caused a stir on several international fronts in recent weeks, including his call to Taiwan's president and responses to China's criticisms of the chat via Twitter.

Read the full release from Congressman Jared Huffman's office below:

Washington, D.C.- New legislation introduced by Congressman Jared Huffman (D-San Rafael) in the last hours of the 114th Congress would amend the Logan Act to ensure that U.S. foreign policy is conducted only by the sitting President, enshrining into law the longstanding policy that only one President serves at a time. The “One President at a Time Act” would require that in the period between a Presidential election and the President-elect’s inauguration into office, the President-elect cannot conduct foreign policy matters without the authorization of the United States government.
“Foreign policy does not exist in a vacuum,” said Rep. Huffman. “Not only is it an unacceptable intrusion for a President-elect to start engaging in foreign policy matters before they are in office – let alone before they are fully briefed on complex and fragile geopolitical situations — it is dangerous and harms America’s standing in the world. That’s why I am introducing the ‘One President at a Time Act’ to clarify what most of us already believe: that only the President, not the President-elect who is fresh off the campaign trail and not yet in office, has the authority to make critical foreign policy decisions that impact America’s safety, economy, and global standing.”
The “One President at a Time Act” amends the Logan Act, which bars private citizens from engaging in foreign policy, to clarify that its authority extends to Presidents-elect during their transition period.
In 2008, President-elect Barack Obama notably steered clear of commenting on foreign policy decisions during the period between his election and inauguration, as did his predecessors Bill Clinton and George W. Bush who each recognized during the transition period that there is only one U.S. President serving at a time.

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Monday, December 12, 2016

EPD Identifies Officers Involved in Downtown Shooting

Posted By on Mon, Dec 12, 2016 at 4:54 PM

Officers secured the scene before clearing medical personnel to respond to help Clayton Lee Lasinski, who was shot by police after allegedly brandishing a firearm at officers. - MARK MCKENNA
  • Mark McKenna
  • Officers secured the scene before clearing medical personnel to respond to help Clayton Lee Lasinski, who was shot by police after allegedly brandishing a firearm at officers.
The Eureka Police Department has identified the four officers who combined to fire more than 40 bullets during a Dec. 6 pursuit through Eureka that left a 26-year-old suspect with a non-fatal gunshot wound to the chest.

The suspect, Clayton Lee Lasinski, was armed with a .45 caliber handgun during the pursuit, but appears not to have fired it, according to Police Chief Andrew Mills. The officers who fired their weapons during the pursuit are Ron Harpham, a 25-year veteran of the force, Abraham Johnson and Steven Linfoot, both hired in 2013, and Dustin Nantz, hired in 2014.

Several sources not authorized to speak publicly about the multi-agency investigation into the officer involved shooting told the Journal that the preliminary investigation indicates officers fired a total of 44 rounds during the pursuit. Mills said he couldn't confirm that, but said officers did fire "more than 40" shots during the incident.

Linfoot is the same officer involved in EPD’s last shooting of a suspect, when he was the only officer to open fire in the fatal shooting of 22-year-old Thomas “Tommy McClain” in September of 2014. Last month, a federal jury found Linfoot and McClain were both negligent in the incident, awarding McClain’s family $150,000 from the city of Eureka. The Humboldt County District Attorney’s Office found Linfoot did not act criminally in the shooting, and a review by the EPD found he did not violate departmental policies and acted in self-defense when he opened fire.

The current shooting remains under investigation by the Humboldt County Critical Incident Response Team. For more information, see past coverage here and check out this week’s Journal, which hits news stands Wednesday.

See the full EPD press release copied below:

On December 6, 2016 at 1650 hours, officers of the Eureka Police Department responded to an emergency assist call from a California Highway Patrol officer for a fleeing suspect. The CHP officer said the fleeing man was armed with a weapon. Additional citizens reported the suspect’s direction and the fact that he was armed with a gun. EPD officers soon located Clayton Lee Lasinski (09/11/1990) and ultimately fired numerous rounds at him. Lasinski was struck once and taken into custody. Lasinski was taken to Saint Joseph Hospital by medics where he was treated, and he is expected to survive his injury.

The officer’s names were not released until now due to an on-line threat concerning the shooting. The officers who fired rounds are:

Ron Harpham                  May 28, 1991
Abraham Jansen             November 1, 2013
Steven Linfoot                 August 1, 2013
Dustin Nantz                    February 1, 2014

Each of the officers involved in this incident have been placed on administrative duties until cleared duty.


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Victim ID'd: EPD Investigating 'Suspicious Death'

Posted By on Mon, Dec 12, 2016 at 3:37 PM

Jennika Suazo - FACEBOOK
  • Facebook
  • Jennika Suazo
2nd UPDATE: The deceased has been identified as Jennika Lee Suazo, a student at Zoe Barnum High School. Friends of Suazo have announced via her Facebook page that there will be a ceremony for her at the Adorni Center at 5 p.m. tomorrow. A quote on Suazo's Facebook page includes the words, "Relax, you'll graduate, you'll get a job, you'll become an adult, you'll find someone that loves you. You have an entire life. Things take time."

UPDATE: EPD Senior Detective John Gordon announced today that the department, along with the Humboldt County District Attorney’s Office, are investigating some 22 people who lived in the residence on P Street. The deceased has been confirmed as a 18-year old female. She was found by her roommates and reported to EPD on Dec. 9 at around noon. Her identity has not yet been released.

Previously:

Eureka Police Chief Andrew Mills said detectives have launched an investigation into a “suspicious death” in a residence on the 300 block of P Street.

Mills couldn’t provide much information on the case, but said EPD was notified by medics who had been called to the home. EPD currently has the residence taped off as detectives process the scene.

If the death is determined to be a homicide, it would be the county’s 22nd of the year, building on a 30-year high and further eclipsing the prior modern record of 16 in 2014.

Editor's note: The number of homicides referenced in this article was updated to reflect numbers that changed as of Dec. 12.
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Sunday, December 11, 2016

HumBug: Glow Worm vs. Snail

Posted By on Sun, Dec 11, 2016 at 3:00 PM

A portrait of the hunter. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • A portrait of the hunter.
Tonight I counted four glow worms (Pterotus intergrippinis) under my redwood trees. I have counted as many as 27 in the leaf litter beneath my small 20-foot-by-50-foot grove (roughly 1/50th of an acre.) The first ones I ever saw were beneath redwoods at Grizzly Creek Campground.

So far I've seen them in every grove I've checked out on nights when the weather and moonlight was ideal. They seem to come out and display their glowing tail segments when it's dark and drippy. It is on such nights the prey to which they are particularly adapted comes out. They hunt, capture and devour small snails and slugs.
Glow worm strikes and elicits sticky bubble bath. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • Glow worm strikes and elicits sticky bubble bath.

I think I have seen about all of the steps. I suspect they locate their intended prey by tracking the snail's slime trail with their short antennae. Once it catches up, the glow worm attaches its caudal appendage to the snail's shell. This gives it an anchor point from which to stretch out and bite the victim's soft body, injecting a toxic saliva. The snail then reacts violently often excreting a great mass of sticky clinging bubbles. I've been surprised surprised that the snail didn't just withdraw into its shell as they usually do when disturbed. Instead, it stampeded (well, as much as a snail can stampede) through the tiny world of mosses and grass stems. In one case the snail actually succeed in scraping its tormentor off and escaping. I do not know if the snail survived the toxic bite but after about 10 minutes the worm did succeed in escaping the sticky clinging suds.
Glow worm getting clotheslined by a stalk of dry grass.  Note worm's sickle shaped mandibles. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • Glow worm getting clotheslined by a stalk of dry grass. Note worm's sickle shaped mandibles.
Snail makes its escape, leaving glow worm mired in goo. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • Snail makes its escape, leaving glow worm mired in goo.

When the glow worm is successful, it can take up to three days to clean out the snail's shell, often glowing eerily, illuminating the hapless mollusk's shell from the inside.
This drama has been played out for millions of years. The power of evolution has adapted the players through a neverending arms race.
A glow worm enjoying a victory dinner of escargot following a successful hunt. - ANTHONY WESTKAMPER
  • Anthony Westkamper
  • A glow worm enjoying a victory dinner of escargot following a successful hunt.
If my little grove is typical and there are about 1,600,000 acres of redwoods, it means there are somewhere between 32 and 216 million Pterotus obscuripennis out there. Considering that their common name is the “Douglas fir glow worm,” and there are probably many more acres in Douglas fir than redwoods, this insect may be incredibly numerous, but they are largely unseen and unknown because who goes out looking for tiny green LED looking bugs on wet dark sloppy nights? Me.


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